Types and stages of hemorrhoids: how do you know when it’s time to see a doctor?

Hemorrhoids develop when blood stagnates in the veins of the rectum for one reason or another. The veins themselves in this case form hemorrhoidal nodes: it is their damage during bowel emptying that causes one of the main symptoms of hemorrhoids – the discharge of blood from the anus. Sometimes this remedy is used against hemorrhoids: https://pillintrip.com/medicine/hemofer.

Among the main risk factors for hemorrhoids are a sedentary lifestyle, lack of physical activity or, on the contrary, excessive weight lifting, as well as frequent constipation, obesity, poor diet and pregnancy. In addition to bleeding, hemorrhoids can be accompanied by pain, itching and burning in the anus area, discomfort and mucus secretion.

It is important to know that any of these symptoms is a direct indication to see a proctologist. The treatment prescribed by the doctor directly depends on the stage the patient’s hemorrhoids are at and where the hemorrhoidal nodes are localized.

The course of hemorrhoids, like many other diseases, is divided into acute and chronic.

Acute: inflammation of the hemorrhoidal nodes is rapid and involves the neighboring tissues. A person feels severe pain, which intensifies with movement. It is dangerous because against the background of thrombosis in the anal veins can begin necrosis, and this requires an urgent visit to the doctor.

Chronic: characterized by alternating periods of exacerbations and remissions. The pain syndrome is not so pronounced, more often bleeding, drops of scarlet blood at the end of defecation bothers. It is dangerous because prolonged bleeding can lead to anemia.
Hemorrhoids are divided into internal, external, and combined according to the location of the hemorrhoids.

External: Hemorrhoidal nodes are located under the skin on the outside of the anus. It is diagnosed more quickly and earlier than other types, because of symptoms that are visible to the naked eye. Ointments and creams are usually prescribed for treatment.

Internal: hemorrhoidal nodes are located under the mucosa inside the rectum. Finger examination of the rectum is essential for diagnosis, and the main symptom is blood in the feces. Rectal suppositories are usually prescribed for treatment.

Combined: nodes are located both inside and outside the anus. The treatment usually requires a comprehensive approach and a combination of several remedies.
According to the severity of symptoms, hemorrhoids are divided into four stages.

Depending on the severity of symptoms, hemorrhoids are divided into four successive stages.

Stage I: symptoms are barely noticeable, discomfort, burning or itching after long sitting, physical activity or emptying the bowels may occur. Treatment is usually conservative and aimed at strengthening the blood vessels and eliminating symptoms.

Stage II: Bleeding from the anus begins, which may appear minor at first glance, and may be found in stool or on toilet paper. After defecation, hemorrhoids may fall out – but they push back on their own. Burning and itching become more pronounced. Conservative treatment along with the elimination of the risk factors gives good results.

Stage III: The prolapsed hemorrhoids can only be pushed back in by hand, and the anal sphincter weakens. Significant pain, itching, and bleeding becomes frequent and quite heavy. Surgery is indicated, since conservative treatment is no longer sufficient.

Stage IV: The hemorrhoids are severely enlarged, and the prolapsed nodes cannot be straightened even by hand. Bleeding becomes regular and may lead to anemia. At this stage, only surgical treatment is possible, and it must take place as soon as possible.

To eliminate symptoms at any stage of hemorrhoids, the combination drug Procto-Glivenol is used: it relieves pain, fights inflammation, reduces bleeding, and improves the tone of hemorrhoidal veins. Procto-Glivenol is used as an independent remedy in the early stages or as an element of complex therapy in the later stages.The drug does not contain hormones, does not require special storage conditions and has a long-lasting effect on the symptoms: only 1-2 applications a day are enough.

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