Alcohol and heart. About the permitted doses of alcohol and its effect on the heart

Good day!
Today I will tell you about alcohol and, acceptable amounts and the effect on the cardiovascular system (already a good start, right? You can still have it, but how much?)

So, let’s begin.
Alcohol is a frequent guest on holiday tables, a faithful friend during depression, an affordable supplier of fun and good mood. Ethyl alcohol is a potent substance found in any amount of alcohol. Once in the stomach, alcohol immediately begins to be absorbed into the bloodstream. Under the action of the enzyme alcohol dehydrodenase, alcohol is converted into acetaldehyde. The latter is very toxic. The effects of a hangover are associated precisely with acetaldehyde poisoning, so it is very important that the second enzyme works, which is called (you may not even read its name, it is difficult to read and pronounced, so we read on) acetaldehyde dehydrogenase. It converts acetaldehyde to acetic acid, H2O and CO2. If both enzymes work well, then you can hardly get drunk, and there will be almost no hangover. As a rule, this goes away with age. The female body has a smaller amount of the helper enzyme, which is why ladies, having drunk alcohol, get drunk faster and stronger than the stronger sex
The absorption of alcohol in the stomach is not very intense; a much higher rate of absorption of alcohol is noted when it enters the small intestine. This explains the fact that a person, having drunk, for example, a glass of vodka, does not get drunk immediately, but after a short time.

About the permissible norms for alcohol consumption:
2 servings of alcohol per day for men under 65
1 serving of alcohol per day for men over 65
1 serving of alcohol per day for women of all ages

What is 1 serving of alcohol?
360 ml beer
150 ml of wine
45 ml of strong alcohol

It is believed that a person is abusing alcohol if they take
more than 4 servings per day or 14 servings per week (for men)
more than 3 servings per day or 7 servings per week (for women)

But! You need to understand that the recommended alcohol consumption rates do not add up. If you have not drunk all week, this does not mean that you can drink 1.5 liters of beer on a weekend or have a full blast on holidays.

What is the effect of alcohol
on the cardiovascular system:

1. Regular consumption of alcohol, in doses exceeding the recommended ones, leads to HYPERTENSION.

2. Under the influence of alcohol, the heart muscle is damaged. Its walls become thin and stretched, it can no longer fully contract, which leads to ALCOHOLIC CARDIOMYOPATHY and, as a consequence, to heart failure

3. Violation of lipid metabolism: when liver cells are destroyed, triglycerides are released into the bloodstream, which contribute to the formation of plaques in the vessels.

4. Alcohol provokes arrhythmias due to loss of potassium (due to the diuretic effect of alcohol), as well as as a result of changes in the metabolism of antiarrhythmic drugs

Take care of yourself and your loved ones!

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